For those of you with poor internet connections, I’ve created a downloadable version of today’s Mechanism of Injury For Prehospital Providers talk.
Understanding Mechanism of Injury for Prehospital Providers
Here’s a presentation on the importance of mechanism of injury for EMS. It reviews biomechanics, mechanisms of major trauma, looks at specific injury patterns, and ends with some tips for prehospital providers.
Multidisciplinary Trauma PI Committee is an essential part of all trauma centers verified by the American College of Surgeons. A lot happens in that one hour (or so) meeting. But efficiency hinges on being prepared, and we’ve all experienced meetings where the case presentations just weren’t crisp.
What to do? Here’s a set of guidelines to help your presenters do the best job possible. They rely on advance preparation and good communication with your trauma program.
And please comment with your own twists and turns on making trauma PI an efficient and meaningful process!
Thanks and a hat tip to Mary Carr MD for suggesting these guidelines!
Ready For Cold-Related Injuries?
It’s getting to be that time of year again. I don’t know about your place, but it gets pretty cold in Minnesota. We like to review what we know about cold injuries about this time of year so everyone can be on top of their game when the first one rolls through the door.
This is a video from one of our regular trauma conferences. It is being presented by David Ahrenholz MD, from the Regions Hospital Burn Unit. He is the president-elect of the American Burn Association, and always does a nice job reviewing state of the art thinking in this area.
- Rapid, non-invasive warming in the Hubbard tank
- Warm water immersion policy
- History: first human use of CAVR for rewarming in trauma
The number of physician assistants (PAs) and nurse practioners (NPs) moving out of primary care to work in specialty areas in US healthcare is rising. Trauma programs in teaching hospitals have been affected by the work hour restrictions put into place 10 years ago. Non-teaching programs have been adding these midlevel providers to help balance workloads.
How common is the use of midlevel providers in trauma care? Nine-item surveys were sent to 464 designated or ACS verified trauma centers across the US.
Here are the factoids:
- The response rate was 53%, which is very good
- It’s too bad that Level III and IV centers were excluded. There would have been some good data there.
- About half were ACS verified trauma centers. Also, roughly half were Level I and half were Level II.
- 35% used PAs, 33% used NPs, and 54% used residents. There was overlap in use.
- ACS verified centers used midlevels more frequently than non-ACS centers (62% vs 41%)
- Level I centers used them more than Level IIs (73% vs 53%)
- Trauma centers with residents used midlevels more often than those without (66% vs 41%)
- Midlevels were utilized for the traditional tasks of a surgical provider (H&P, discharge summary, rounds, trauma resuscitation, surgical assistant)
- A third performed procedures like chest tubes, arterial and central lines
- 19% of hospitals that did not use midlevels planned to start soon
Bottom line: Midlevel providers such as PAs and NPs are being used more and more frequently in trauma care. If you look at the graph, the inflection point happened just around the time of the new work hour rules. We use them at our trauma center, and they are very prevalent at the centers I have visited. These providers are valuable clinicians and their contributions to patient care should be embraced!
As a side note (opinion), the amount of trauma slowly grows with the population. And the number of “trauma hours” spent to take care of these patients is a zero sum game. This means that resident exposure to trauma must be decreasing as midlevel provider involvement increases. Physician training in trauma (and all other disciplines as well) is shrinking, but at least they’re not tired!
Reference: Acceptance of physician assistants and nurse practitioners in trauma centers. JAAPA 23(1):35-41, 2010.